Plastic surgery is a surgical method that includes restoration, reconstruction, and modification of the human body. It is divided into two categories, reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery is used to repair and reconstruct missing or damaged tissue and bring the skin back as close to normal as possible. Cosmetic surgery aims at improving and enhancing the appearance aesthetically. There are several projects by individuals like Dr Jugenburg Nepal Charity to help with reconstructive surgeries.
Reconstructive surgery includes craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, treatment of burns, breast reconstruction after lumpectomy or mastectomy, and reconstructive surgery after a significant burn injury. While reconstructive surgery tries to reconstruct a part of the body or improve its capacity, cosmetic surgery tries to improve and to enhance the appearance of it. Both of these techniques are used all over the world.
Reconstructive surgery can be used to repair:
Deformities that have existed from birth, such as a cleft lip and palate, webbed fingers, and birthmarks
Cleft lip and palate.
A cleft lip is a birth deformity in which a baby’s upper lip doesn’t form fully and has an opening in it. These congenital disabilities are called oral clefts or orofacial clefts.
Areas destroyed by the extraction of cancerous tissue, such as from the face or breast.
Most women who undergo breast conservation surgery like lumpectomy or partial mastectomy do not need breast reconstruction. However, some might have a breast deformity as an outcome of the cancer surgery; if a woman has a big tumor in a small breast. These women may be the right candidate for several types of breast reconstruction (such as smaller implants or fat grafting) to reshape the breast. This type of surgery has results that are comparable to lumpectomy or partial mastectomy without reconstruction.
Massive burns or other severe injuries
The purpose of reconstructive burn surgery is to enhance both the use and the cosmetic look of burn injuries. This includes reconstructing scar tissue with both non-operative and operative procedures. The connection between the burn victim and the reconstructive burn surgeon often lasts many years. Medications for scar tissue often need several months to heal and develop. And new scar contractures can appear long after these damages, especially in young patients who are still growing.
Cosmetic plastic surgery can be used to enhance one’s body features:
Cosmetic surgery is done to improve overall aesthetic features by reshaping and adjusting natural body shape to make it visually more appealing. Cosmetic surgery is not medically necessary, unlike reconstructive surgery. Breast augmentation, breast lift, liposuction, abdominoplasty or tummy tuck, and facelift are famous examples of cosmetic surgery procedures.